Vardhan IAS Daily Current Affairs, 25th January 2019

National Voters Day

The 9th National Voters’ Day will be celebrated across the country on 25th January. It is celebrated every year since 2011 for enhanced participation of citizens in the electoral process.

Theme: No Voter to be Left Behind

Need for celebration

  • To mark the Foundation day of the Election Commission of India, which was established on 25th January 1950.
  • To encourage, facilitate and maximize the enrollment, especially for the new voters.
  • The National Awards for the Best Electoral Practices will be conferred on Officers for their outstanding performance in the conduct of elections.

Source: The Business Today

ISRO Launches military satellite Microsat-R on PSLV C-44

India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C44) successfully injected Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2 satellites into their designated orbits.

Salient features of the project:

  • PSLV-DL -A new variant of PSLV with two strap-on motors used for the first time.
  • The ISRO will also convert the last stage of the rocket, which actually turns into space debris, into a working experimental platform.
  • The fourth stage will be moved to a higher circular orbit so as to establish an orbital platform for carrying out experiments.
  • It is the first time an Indian satellite was being placed by ISRO in a low orbit at an altitude of 274 km.


  • The Kalamsat-V2 is the experimental satellite, lightest satellite in the world, a payload designed and built by students who work with a private organisation called “Space Kidz India” in Chennai.
  • It will help students to conduct several inspiring experiments in space by attaching their instruments to the last stage of the rocket.


  • Microsat-R, an imaging satellite, is meant for military purposes.
  • Microsat-R that will be used to take high-resolution photos of the Earth for defence research.

Source: ISRO

Indian institutions to study Nitrogen pollution

The UK Government has announced its commitment to fund up to £20 million of a major international research programme to tackle the challenge that nitrogen pollution poses for the environment, food security, human health and the economy in South Asia.

South Asian Nitrogen Hub (SANH)

  • The South Asian Nitrogen Hub is a partnership led by the UK’s Centre for Ecology & Hydrology.
  • India is the only country in South Asia that has completed its nitrogen assessment over a year ago and is already co-leading the South Asian nitrogen assessment. Eighteen research institutions from India are among a group of 50 institutions.
  • The Hub is one of 12 Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) hubs announced by the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) to address intractable challenges in sustainable development.

Source: The Hindu

Neglected Tropical diseases

  • Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of communicable diseases that prevail in tropical and subtropical conditions in 149 countries and affect more than one billion people.
  • They mainly affect populations living in poverty, without adequate sanitation and in close contact with infectious vectors and domestic animals and livestock.
  • India is the 4th largest contributor to funding public research in Neglected Tropical Diseases.
  • The survey looks at funding for a number of diseases like trachoma, buruli ulcer, rheumatic fever, meningitis, leptospirosis and also for HIV/AIDS, malaria, TB, dengue, hepatitis C and leprosy.