Daily current affairs/14th January 2019

Right to disconnect bill

A private members bill, Right to Disconnect Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha by MP Supriya sule.

Features of the bill

  • Employees have right to not to answer call/emails beyond work hours.
  • It will apply to companies with more than 10 employees, who will have to set up an employee welfare committee to address cpmplaints.
  • The bill mandates that no disciplinary action can be taken against employees if he choose to not respond to employer after stipulated work hours.

Why it is important ?

  • The idea is to help reduce work-related stress and strive for better personal-professional life balance.
  • Studies have found that employee is expected to be available all time (no downtime), this kind of “always on” work culture creates anxiety amongst worker.
  • Non-work hours, during which employees are expected to respond to work issues, constrain employee behaviour and cannot be considered leisure time.
  • The Bill states that the government is entitled to provide employees counselling, digital detox centres, and similar resources “to free an employee from digital distractions and enable him to truly connect with the people around him.

Source:https://indianexpress.com/article/india/private-members-bill-to-allow-employees-to-ignore-calls-after-work-5529407/

National Clean Air Program

The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate aims to tackle “one of the biggest global environmental challenges” by laying down more tangible goals for its mid-term plan, as compared to the draft NCAP released in April 2018.

The programme will partner with multilateral and bilateral international organisations, and philanthropic foundations and leading technical institutions to achieve its outcomes.

Objectives

  • The objective of the NCAP is to introduce comprehensive actions that prevent, control and abate air pollution in a time-bound manner.
  • Augmenting the air quality monitoring network across the country and strengthening the awareness and capacity-building activities.
  • The NCAP will attempt to reduce the PM2.5 and PM10 levels in the country by 20-30%.
  • Studies to determine polluting sources, proper implementation of existing fossil fuel (BS-VI) norms, and conducting awareness and capacity-building initiatives.
  • The 102 cities targeted in the first phase also includes 42 smart cities like Delhi, Varanasi, Bhopal, Kolkata, Noida, Muzaffarpur, and Mumbai. (According to WHO Report released in May 2018, 14 of the 15 most polluted cities in the world are in India.)
  • The plan of action Designed as a 3-tier system includes real-time physical data collection, data archiving, and an action trigger system in all selected cities, besides extensive plantation plans, research on clean-technologies, landscaping of major arterial roads, and stringent industrial standards.
  • It also proposes state-level plans of e-mobility in the two-wheeler sector, rapid development in charging infrastructure and public transportation system, and the adoption of third-party audits for industries whose operations cause widespread environmental damage.

How it works

  • Collaborative, Multi-scale and Cross-Sectoral Coordination between relevant Central Ministries,State Government and local bodies.

Additional read: http://envfor.nic.in/sites/default/files/NCAP%20with%20annex-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/clean-air-programme-how-centre-plans-to-wage-a-war-against-pollution-5536671/

National Youth Parliament Festival 2019

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports launched National Youth Parliament Festival 2019 as a part of national youth day. The theme of the initiative is  “Be The Voice of New India” and “Find solutions and contribute to policy”.

This initiative aims at :

  • To hear the voice of youth between 18 and less than 25 years of age, who are allowed to vote but cannot stand as a candidate for election, through deliberations in Youth Parliaments at district level and above.
  • To encourage the youth to engage with public issues, understand the common man’s point of view, form their opinions and express it in an articulate manner.
  • To develop and enhance decision making abilities, a respect and tolerance for the views of others.
  • To develop in them an understanding that respect for rules is essential for conducting any discussion systematically and effectively.
  • To obtain and document their opinions on Vision of New India in 2022.
  • To make available their views to policy makers and implementers to take it forward.

The NYPF 2019 will be conducted at three levels:

I. District Youth Parliament (DYP) at the district level. The participants for DYP would be selected through two screening processes i.e. Digital and Walk-in screenings in Nodal Institution in each district. Three best speakers from each DYP will participate at SYP.

II.  State Youth Parliament (SYP) at the State Level. two selected speakers from each SYP will participated as speakers at NYP.

III.        National Youth Parliament (NYP) at the National Level. The highest scorer from each DYP will participate at NYP as a delegate.