BPSC Mains Previous Year Questions- Polity


  1. Evaluate the nature and significance of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. 45 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002
  2. Examine the relevance and significance of the philosophy enshrined in the preamble of the constitution of India. 42 BPSC (Main Exam) 1999

Fundamental Rights

  1. Discuss the Fundamental Rights as enshrined in the Indian Constitution. How have the judicial interpretations of Article 21 expanded the scope of Right to Life? 56-59 BPSC (Main Exam) 2016

Directive Principle of State Policy

  1. Discuss various ‘Directive principles. How were these implemented in Bihar after 1950? 53-55 BPSC (Main Exam) 2012
  2. Discuss the Directive Principles of State Policy enshrined in the Indian Constitution and State their importance. 40 BPSC (Main Exam) 1995
  3. Describe the fundamental duties as enumerated in the Constitution of India. 39 BPSC (Main Exam) 1993

Caste in Politics

  1. Examine the role of Caste in electoral politics of India. To what extent did caste factor play a role in the 2015 Bihar election.
  2. ’Caste and Class play an important role in Indian politics.’— Explain the statement with special reference to Bihar. 48-52 BPSC (Main Exam) 2009
  3. The issue of Reservation is nothing out the consolidation of Vote-Banks of political parties. What do you suggest methods other than reservation for providing social justice to the depressed class? 47 BPSC (Main Exam) 2007
  4. Discuss the role of caste in Indian Politics. 41 BPSC (Main Exam) 1997
  5. Write a brief and critical essay on Caste as a factor in Bihar Politics since 1977, and highlight the special reasons for the present. 42 BPSC (Main Exam) 1999

Federal System

  1. Analyse tension areas between Centre and States in the Indian federal system. Describe the current state of relations between the Union Government and the Bihar State. 56-59 BPSC (Main Exam) 2016
  2. Discuss Indian Federal System and Centre-State Administrative Relation with special reference to the National Counter-Terrorism Centre (NCTC). 53-55 BPSC (Main Exam) 2012
  3. Explain the recent trends in Indian federalism. Do the states need more autonomy? 48-52 BPSC (Main Exam) 2009
  4. Why is the Constitution of India called quasi-federal? BPSC (Main Exam) 1993
  5. Analyze the emerging trends in Indian democracy. 43 BPSC (Main Exam) 2001
  6. Analyze the emerging trends in Indian Federalism. 41 BPSC (Main Exam) 1997


  1. Election of President in July 2007 was unique for various reasons. Enumerate some of them. 47 BPSC (Main Exam) 2007
  2. Examine the system of election of the Indian President. 41 BPSC (Main Exam) 1997


  1. What is the meaning of “Parliamentary Sovereignty”? Do you consider the Indian Parliament a `Sovereign’ or a ‘non-sovereign’ or both? Give your views. 40 BPSC (Main Exam) 1995


  1. Discuss the power and functions of the Governor and his role in Bihar. 53-55 BPSC (Main Exam) 2012
  2. Examine the status and powers of the Governor of an Indian State. 39 BPSC (Main Exam) 1993
  3. Discuss the powers of the Governor and explain his role with reference to the recent developments in Bihar. 41 BPSC (Main Exam) 1997
  4. Comment upon the following (200 words each):
    (a) “Article 356 of the Constitution should be read with article 355 to appreciate its spirit. 42 BPSC (Main Exam) 1999
  5. Give your views on recent political upheavals in Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat and their impact on Parliamentary Democracy in India. 40 BPSC (Main Exam) 1995

Chief Minister

  1. How the Chief Minister of State is appointed? Critically examine the powers, functions and achievements of present Bihar Chief Minister. 44 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002

Judicial review

  1. What is judicial review? Critically examine the doctrine of ‘basic structure’ as enunciated by the Supreme Court of India.
  2. Comment on the following (200 words each):
    (a) Judicial Activism -Meaning and Evaluation- 45 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002
    (b) “Judicial Action is a double-edged weapon in a parliamentary democracy. 40 BPSC (Main Exam) 1995

Election Commission of India and Election

  1. Examine the power and working of the Election Commission of India and its role in the free and fair election. 53-55 BPSC (Main Exam) 2012
  2. Comment on the following (200 words each):
    (a) Election Commission of India- 45 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002
  3. Write an essay on the politician-criminal nexus with special reference of Bihar. 47 BPSC (Main Exam) 2007
  4. Elections are like the heartbeats of a democracy. If they happen too fast or too irregularly, democracy collapses. Explain your views on mid-term polls in context of India Politics. 47 BPSC (Main Exam) 2007
  5. What do you understand the by-election campaign? Throw light on the important methods of the election campaign in Bihar. 46 BPSC (Main Exam) 2005
  6. Discuss the role of bureaucracy in conducting free and fair elections under the guidance of the Election commission of India. 46 BPSC (Main Exam) 2005
  7. Comment on the following (200 words)
    (a) The electoral process in Bihar

Coalition Politics

  1. ‘Coalitional politics in India has become a remarkable feature, but it is yet to provide a stable Government’. — Comment. 48-52 BPSC (Main Exam) 2009
  2. What are the main reasons for the emergence of coalition politics in India? Discuss the prospects of these coalitions. 45 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002
  3. The coalition experiment at the Centre has neither strengthened democracy nor has it made conditions conducive for participatory and cooperation federation.” Do you agree? 42 BPSC (Main Exam) 1999

Panchayati Raj

  1. Analyze the functioning of the rural local governments in India since 1991 with special reference to Bihar. 48-52 BPSC (Main Exam) 2009
  2. Describe the basic provisions of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act. 46 BPSC (Main Exam) 2005
  3. Describe the objectives and features of the Panchayat Raj in India. 39 BPSC (Main Exam) 1993
  4. What is the amendment procedure in India? What are the main contents of the 73rd amendment? How many amendments have been done in the Indian Constitution? 44 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002

Secularism, Communalism, Regionalism

  1. Write a note on communalism in India. Why the opposition parties label B.J.P. (Bhartiya Janta Party) as a communal party? 44 BPSC (Main Exam) 2002
  2. Comment on the following: (200 words each)
    (a) Regionalism in Indian Politics
    (b) Write a note on POTA.

Miscellaneous Questions:

  1. What is the role of caste in class formation in India? 43 BPSC (Main Exam) 2001
  2. Make a critical evolution of the right to property as it exists today. 43 BPSC (Main Exam) 2001
  3. Comment on the following (200 words)
    (a) India is a liberal democratic state
  4. Describe the Constitution of Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council. What is your opinion regarding its role in future? 40 BPSC (Main Exam) 1995
  5. Discuss the demands of the protagonists of the Jharkhand movement in Bihar. 39 BPSC (Main Exam) 1993
  6. Discuss the role of language in Indian Politics. Enumerate the provisions for linguistic minorities in Bihar. 46 BPSC (Main Exam) 2005